As Jehovah’s coming draws near, transgressors suffer for their misdeeds at the hands of their enemies.
1 O that you would rend the heavens and descend,the mountains melting at your presence—2 as when fire is lit for boiling water,which bubbles over from the heat—to make yourself known to your adversaries,the nations trembling at your presence—3 as when you performed awesome thingsunexpected by us: your descent of old,when the mountains quaked before you!4 Never has it been heard or perceived by the ear,nor has any eye seen a God besides you,who acts thus on behalf of those who wait for him.5 But you wound those of us
who joyfully perform righteousness,
who remember you by following your ways—
athat in them we might ever be saved.a
Alas, you were roused to anger when we sinned,6 and now we have altogether become as those defiled,the sum of our righteousness as a menstruous rag.We are decaying like leaves, all of us;our sins, like a wind, sweep us away.7 Yet none calls upon your name,or rouses himself to take hold of you.For you have hidden your face from usand enfeebledb us at the hand of our iniquities.8 Nevertheless, you are our Father, O Jehovah;we are the clay and you are the potter,and we are all alike the work of your hands.c9 Be not exceedingly angry, O Jehovah;remember not iniquity forever.See, consider that we are all your people!10 Your holy cities have become a wilderness;Zion is a desert, Jerusalem a desolation.11 Our glorious holy templewhere our fathers praised youhas been burned with fire,and all places dear to us lie in ruins.12 At all this, O Jehovah, will you restrain yourself,in silence letting us suffer so exceedingly?
A pseudonym of Jehovah's end-time servant, an exemplar of righteousness to Jehovah's people, whom those who didn't repent rejected at the time he gathered Jehovah's elect.
A pseudonym of the end-time king of Assyria/Babylon, who personifies Jehovah's anger toward his alienated people and the nations when Jehovah comes out in judgment against them.
A pseudonym of the end-time king of Assyria/Babylon, Jehovah's hand of punishment, whom Jehovah empowers to chasten his alienated people in order to induce them to repent.
A pseudonym of (1) Jehovah's end-time servant, and (2) his contemporary, the king of Assyria/Babylon, whom Jehovah empowers as his hand of deliverance and his hand of punishment.
A chaos motif and pseudonym of the end-time king of Assyria/Babylon, who personifies the fire that destroys the lands of Jehovah's apostate people and the nations in Jehovah's Day of Judgment.
a5 Phrase transposed; in the text it follows sinned.
b7 Literally, melted.
c8 So 1QIsaa; LXX. Compare 60:21; passim. MT hand.
And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.
When Ahaz son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, was king of Judah, Rezin king of Aram and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to wage war against it, but could not overpower it.
Two generations of kings from the time Isaiah receives his prophetic commission, an expansionist Assyria threatens to invade the kingdom of Aram (Syria), the ten-tribed Northern Kingdom of Israel, and the Southern Kingdom of Judah and to annex them into its empire. When King Ahaz of Judah refuses to join Aram and Israel in an alliance to resist Assyria, they invade the Southern Kingdom to overthrow Ahaz and put a puppet ruler on his throne who will join their coalition. Ahaz, moreover, becomes an important type in the Book of Isaiah of an end-time ruler who proves disloyal to Israel’s God.