Isaiah Institute Translation
- a10 Hebrew ten-yoke, that is, the land plowed by ten yoke of oxen in one day.
- b10 About 6 gallons or 22 liters.
- c10 About 6 bushels or 220 liters
- d10 A tenth of a homer.
King James Version
Isaiah Institute Translation
|Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill:||1||Let me sing for my Beloveda love song about his vineyard:My Beloved had a vineyardon the fertile brow of a hill.||אָשִׁירָה נָּא לִידִידִי שִׁירַת דּוֹדִי לְכַרְמוֹ כֶּרֶם הָיָה לִידִידִי בְּקֶרֶן בֶּן־שָׁמֶן ׃|
|And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.||2||He cultivated it, clearing it of stones,and planted it with choice vines.He built a watchtower in its midstand hewed for it a winepress as well.Then he expected it to yield grapes,but it produced wild grapes.||וַיְעַזְּקֵהוּ וַיְסַקְּלֵהוּ וַיִּטָּעֵהוּ שֹׂרֵק וַיִּבֶן מִגְדָּל בְּתוֹכוֹ וְגַם־יֶקֶב חָצֵב בּוֹ וַיְקַו לַעֲשׂוֹת עֲנָבִים וַיַּעַשׂ בְּאֻשִׁים ׃|
|And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.||3||Now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem and you men of Judea,please judge between me and my vineyard!||וְעַתָּה יוֹשֵׁב יְרוּשָׁלִַם וְאִישׁ יְהוּדָה שִׁפְטוּ־נָא בֵּינִי וּבֵין כַּרְמִי ׃|
|What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?||4||What more could have been donefor my vineyard than I have done for it?When I expected it to yield grapes,why did it produce wild grapes?||מַה־לַּעֲשׂוֹת עוֹד לְכַרְמִי וְלֹא עָשִׂיתִי בּוֹ מַדּוּעַ קִוֵּיתִי לַעֲשׂוֹת עֲנָבִים וַיַּעַשׂ בְּאֻשִׁים ׃|
|And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:||5||Let me now inform youwhat I will do to my vineyard:I will have its hedge removedand let it be burned;I will have its wall broken throughand let it be trampled.||וְעַתָּה אוֹדִיעָה־נָּא אֶתְכֶם אֵת אֲשֶׁר־אֲנִי עֹשֶׂה לְכַרְמִי הָסֵר מְשׂוּכָּתוֹ וְהָיָה לְבָעֵר פָּרֹץ גְּדֵרוֹ וְהָיָה לְמִרְמָס ׃|
|And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.||6||I will make it a desolation:it shall neither be pruned nor hoed,but briars and thorns shall overgrow it.Moreover, I will forbid the rainclouds to rain on it.||וַאֲשִׁיתֵהוּ בָתָה לֹא יִזָּמֵר וְלֹא יֵעָדֵר וְעָלָה שָׁמִיר וָשָׁיִת וְעַל הֶעָבִים אֲצַוֶּה מֵהַמְטִיר עָלָיו מָטָר ׃|
|For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.||7||The vineyard of Jehovah of Hosts is the house of Israeland the people of Judah his cherished grove.He expected justice,but there was injustice;he expected righteousness,but there was an outcry.||כִּי כֶרֶם יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאִישׁ יְהוּדָה נְטַע שַׁעֲשׁוּעָיו וַיְקַו לְמִשְׁפָּט וְהִנֵּה מִשְׂפָּח לִצְדָקָה וְהִנֵּה צְעָקָה ׃|
|Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth!||8||Woe to those who join house to houseand link field to field till no place is left,and you are restricted to dwellin the centers of the land!||הוֹי מַגִּיעֵי בַיִת בְּבַיִת שָׂדֶה בְשָׂדֶה יַקְרִיבוּ עַד אֶפֶס מָקוֹם וְהוּשַׁבְתֶּם לְבַדְּכֶם בְּקֶרֶב הָאָרֶץ ׃|
|In mine ears said the Lord of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, even great and fair, without inhabitant.||9||Jehovah of Hosts spoke this in my hearing:Surely many buildings shall lie desolate,large and fine houses unoccupied.||בְּאָזְנָי יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אִם־לֹא בָּתִּים רַבִּים לְשַׁמָּה יִהְיוּ גְּדֹלִים וְטוֹבִים מֵאֵין יוֹשֵׁב ׃|
|Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.||10||A ten-acrea vineyard shall yield but one bath,ba homerc of seed but an ephah.d||כִּי עֲשֶׂרֶת צִמְדֵּי־כֶרֶם יַעֲשׂוּ בַּת אֶחָת וְזֶרַע חֹמֶר יַעֲשֶׂה אֵיפָה ׃|
|Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them!||11||Woe to those who go after liquoras soon as they arise in the morning,who linger at night parties, inflamed by wine!||הוֹי מַשְׁכִּימֵי בַבֹּקֶר שֵׁכָר יִרְדֹּפוּ מְאַחֲרֵי בַנֶּשֶׁף יַיִן יַדְלִיקֵם ׃|
|And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the Lord, neither consider the operation of his hands.||12||There are harps and lyres,drums, flutes, and wine at their banquets,but they regard not what Jehovah does,nor perceive his hands at work.||וְהָיָה כִנּוֹר וָנֶבֶל תֹּף וְחָלִיל וָיַיִן מִשְׁתֵּיהֶם וְאֵת פֹּעַל יְהוָה לֹא יַבִּיטוּ וּמַעֲשֵׂה יָדָיו לֹא רָאוּ ׃|
|Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because they have no knowledge: and their honourable men are famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst.||13||Therefore are my people exiledwithout knowing why;their best men die of famine,their masses perish with thirst.||לָכֵן גָּלָה עַמִּי מִבְּלִי־דָעַת וּכְבוֹדוֹ מְתֵי רָעָב וַהֲמוֹנוֹ צִחֵה צָמָא ׃|
|Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.||14||Sheol becomes ravenous,opening its mouth insatiably;into it descend their elite with the masses,their boisterous ones and revelers.||לָכֵן הִרְחִיבָה שְּׁאוֹל נַפְשָׁהּ וּפָעֲרָה פִיהָ לִבְלִי־חֹק וְיָרַד הֲדָרָהּ וַהֲמוֹנָהּ וּשְׁאוֹנָהּ וְעָלֵז בָּהּ ׃|
|And the mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled:||15||Mankind is brought lowwhen men debase themselves,causing the eyes of the high-minded to be downcast.||וַיִּשַּׁח אָדָם וַיִּשְׁפַּל־אִישׁ וְעֵינֵי גְבֹהִים תִּשְׁפַּלְנָה ׃|
|But the Lord of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and God that is holy shall be sanctified in righteousness.||16||But Jehovah of Hosts will be exaltedby a just judgment,the holy God show himself holyby his righteousness.||וַיִּגְבַּה יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת בַּמִּשְׁפָּט וְהָאֵל הַקָּדוֹשׁ נִקְדָּשׁ בִּצְדָקָה ׃|
|Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.||17||Then shall his sheep feed in their pasture,and proselytes eat in the ruins of the affluent.||וְרָעוּ כְבָשִׂים כְּדָבְרָם וְחָרְבוֹת מֵחִים גָּרִים יֹאכֵלוּ ׃|
|Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope:||18||Woe to those drawn to sin by vain attachments,hitched to transgression like a trailer,||הוֹי מֹשְׁכֵי הֶעָוֹן בְּחַבְלֵי הַשָּׁוְא וְכַעֲבוֹת הָעֲגָלָה חַטָּאָה ׃|
|That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know it!||19||who think, Let him quickly speed up his workso we may see it!Let the plan of the Holy One of Israelsoon come to pass, and we will know!||הָאֹמְרִים יְמַהֵר יָחִישָׁה מַעֲשֵׂהוּ לְמַעַן נִרְאֶה וְתִקְרַב וְתָבוֹאָה עֲצַת קְדוֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל וְנֵדָעָה ׃|
|Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!||20||Woe to those who suppose what is evil to be goodand what is good, evil!They put darkness for lightand light for darkness;they make bitterness sweet and the sweet bitter.||הָאֹמְרִים לָרַע טוֹב וְלַטּוֹב רָע שָׂמִים חֹשֶׁךְ לְאוֹר וְאוֹר לְחֹשֶׁךְ שָׂמִים מַר לְמָתוֹק וּמָתוֹק לְמָר ׃|
|Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight!||21||Woe to those who are wise in their own eyesand clever in their own view!||הוֹי חֲכָמִים בְּעֵינֵיהֶם וְנֶגֶד פְּנֵיהֶם נְבֹנִים ׃|
|Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink:||22||Woe to those who are valiant at drinking wineand champions at mixing liquor!||הוֹי גִּבּוֹרִים לִשְׁתּוֹת יָיִן וְאַנְשֵׁי־חַיִל לִמְסֹךְ שֵׁכָר ׃|
|Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him!||23||Woe to those who acquit the guilty for a bribebut deny justice to the innocent!||לָכֵן כֶּאֱכֹל קַשׁ לְשׁוֹן אֵשׁ וַחֲשַׁשׁ לֶהָבָה יִרְפֶּה שָׁרְשָׁם כַּמָּק יִהְיֶה וּפִרְחָם כָּאָבָק יַעֲלֶה כִּי מָאֲסוּ אֵת תּוֹרַת יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת וְאֵת אִמְרַת קְדוֹשׁ־יִשְׂרָאֵל נִאֵצוּ ׃|
|Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the Lord of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.||24||As a blazing fire consumes stubble,and as dry weeds wane before the flame,so shall their roots decay awayand their blossoms fly up like dust.For they have despised the law of Jehovah of Hostsand reviled the words of the Holy One of Israel.||עַל־כֵּן חָרָה אַף־יְהוָה בְּעַמּוֹ וַיֵּט יָדוֹ עָלָיו וַיַּכֵּהוּ וַיִּרְגְּזוּ הֶהָרִים וַתְּהִי נִבְלָתָם כַּסּוּחָה בְּקֶרֶב חוּצוֹת בְּכָל־זֹאת לֹא־שָׁב אַפּוֹ וְעוֹד יָדוֹ נְטוּיָה ׃|
|Therefore is the anger of the Lord kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them: and the hills did tremble, and their carcases were torn in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.||25||Therefore the anger of Jehovah is kindledagainst his people:he draws back his hand against themand strikes them;the mountains quake, and their corpseslie like litter about the streets.Yet for all this his anger is not abated;his hand is upraised still.||עַל־כֵּן חָרָה אַף־יְהוָה בְּעַמּוֹ וַיֵּט יָדוֹ עָלָיו וַיַּכֵּהוּ וַיִּרְגְּזוּ הֶהָרִים וַתְּהִי נִבְלָתָם כַּסּוּחָה בְּקֶרֶב חוּצוֹת בְּכָל־זֹאת לֹא־שָׁב אַפּוֹ וְעוֹד יָדוֹ נְטוּיָה ׃|
|And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from far, and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth: and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly:||26||He raises an ensign to distant nationsand summons them from beyond the horizon.Forthwith they come, swiftly and speedily.||וְנָשָׂא־נֵס לַגּוֹיִם מֵרָחוֹק וְשָׁרַק לוֹ מִקְצֵה הָאָרֶץ וְהִנֵּה מְהֵרָה קַל יָבוֹא ׃|
|None shall be weary nor stumble among them; none shall slumber nor sleep; neither shall the girdle of their loins be loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken:||27||Not one of them grows weary,nor does any stumble;they do not drowse or fall asleep.Their waist-belts come not loosenor their sandal thongs undone.||אֵין־עָיֵף וְאֵין־כּוֹשֵׁל בּוֹ לֹא יָנוּם וְלֹא יִישָׁן וְלֹא נִפְתַּח אֵזוֹר חֲלָצָיו וְלֹא נִתַּק שְׂרוֹךְ נְעָלָיו ׃|
|Whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent, their horses’ hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind:||28||Their arrows are sharp;all their bows are strung.The tread of their warhorses resembles flint;their chariot wheels revolve like a whirlwind.||אֲשֶׁר חִצָּיו שְׁנוּנִים וְכָל־קַשְּׁתֹתָיו דְּרֻכוֹת פַּרְסוֹת סוּסָיו כַּצַּר נֶחְשָׁבוּ וְגַלְגִּלָּיו כַּסּוּפָה ׃|
|Their roaring shall be like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yea, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey, and shall carry it away safe, and none shall deliver it.||29||They have the roar of a lion;they are aroused like young lions:growling, they seize the prey, and escape,and none comes to the rescue.||שְׁאָגָה לוֹ כַּלָּבִיא וִשְׁאַג (יִשְׁאַג) כַּכְּפִירִים וְיִנְהֹם וְיֹאחֵז טֶרֶף וְיַפְלִיט וְאֵין מַצִּיל ׃|
|And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if one look unto the land, behold darkness and sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.||30||He shall be stirred up against them in that day,even as the Sea is stirred up.And should one look to the land,there too shall be a distressing gloom,for the daylight shall be darkenedby an overhanging mist.||וְיִנְהֹם עָלָיו בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא כְּנַהֲמַת־יָם וְנִבַּט לָאָרֶץ וְהִנֵּה־חֹשֶׁךְ צַר וָאוֹר חָשַׁךְ בַּעֲרִיפֶיהָ ׃|
|וַיְהִי בִּימֵי אָחָז בֶּן־יוֹתָם בֶּן־עֻזִּיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה עָלָה רְצִין מֶלֶךְ־אֲרָם וּפֶקַח בֶּן־רְמַלְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל יְרוּשָׁלִַם לַמִּלְחָמָה עָלֶיהָ וְלֹא יָכֹל לְהִלָּחֵם עָלֶיהָ ׃|
King James Version
Isaiah Institute Translation
And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.
When Ahaz son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, was king of Judah, Rezin king of Aram and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to wage war against it, but could not overpower it.
Two generations of kings from the time Isaiah receives his prophetic commission, an expansionist Assyria threatens to invade the kingdom of Aram (Syria), the ten-tribed Northern Kingdom of Israel, and the Southern Kingdom of Judah and to annex them into its empire. When King Ahaz of Judah refuses to join Aram and Israel in an alliance to resist Assyria, they invade the Southern Kingdom to overthrow Ahaz and put a puppet ruler on his throne who will join their coalition. Ahaz, moreover, becomes an important type in the Book of Isaiah of an end-time ruler who proves disloyal to Israel’s God.
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